High Frequency words

As children learn to read they use a range of strategies when they encounter words they have not seen before. They will look at pictures to give them clues as to what the word may be. Children also use the phonic knowledge they have learnt e.g. initial sounds of words 'What does the word start with?' and then they try to decode the rest of the word by breaking it down into smaller manageable chunks.

Many words look similar to a child and they often guess a word once they have read the initial sound e.g.

'Biff went to look for Floppy' might be read out loud as 'Biff went to like for Floppy.'

It is important that children are not made to feel that they are wrong, but gently asked 'Does that make sense?' That way children soon learn to re-read and correct their mistakes, making sense of the text.

This shows that they are truly reading and understanding, which will help them when they have to answer questions related to the text as they get older.

However there are some words which children will find difficult to sound out, yet they appear in text frequently. We call these High Frequency words or Key words and children learn these words by sight alongside the initial sounds or phonics when they first start reading.  Your child will be learning different sets of key words as they progress through school. You can click on the link below to find out what set your child may be learning and maybe play games to help your child gain confidence getting to know them.

High Frequency words Set 1 - 12

Keywords Set 13 - 15

Keywords Set 16 - 18

Keywords Set 19 - 24

Borras Park Community Primary School

Borras Park Road

Wrexham, LL12 7TH

Tel: 01978 346890